Pharmacy Design

“Relationships Between Ambient Sounds and the Accuracy of Pharmacists’ Prescription-Rilling Performance”, (c) Flynn EA, Barker KN, Gibson JT, Human Factors in Health Care, December 1996

Abstract Objectives: To measure dispensing accuracy rates in 50 pharmacies located in 6 cities across the United States and describe the nature and frequency of the errors detected. Design: Cross-sectional descriptive study. Settings: Chain, independent, and health-system pharmacies (located in hospitals or managed care organizations). Participants: Pharmacy staff at randomly selected pharmacies in each city who accepted an invitation […]

“How Can Information Technology Improve Patient Safety and Reduce Medication Errors in Children’s Health Care?”, (c) Rainu Kaushal, Kenneth N. Barker and David W. Bates, Archives of Pediatrics & Adolescent Medicine, September 2001

The 1999 Institute of Medicine report dramatically increasedpublic awareness of medical error. It estimated that each year44 000 to 98 000 people die of an iatrogenic injury,either as a main or a contributing cause, and that 1.3 millionare injured by medical treatment The mortality estimateswere extrapolated primarily from 2 large studies, one in NewYork State (the Harvard […]

USP Chapter 797 on Enforceability, (c) USP 797 Guidebook to Pharmaceutical Compounding-Sterile Preparations, 25 August 2008

In the USP 797 Guidebook to Pharmaceutical Compounding-Sterile Preparations, USP “attempts to clarify the enforceability” of Chapter 797. The guidebook is a compilation of the full text of Chapter 797, public comments with responses from the committee which formulated the document, and five pages addressing enforceability. Chapter 797 applies to practitioners. Practitioners are regulated by […]

“Impact of Interruptions and Distractions on Dispensing Errors in an Ambulatory Care Pharmacy”, (c) Flynn EA, Barker KN, Gibson JT, Pearson RE, Berger BA, Smith LA, American Journal of Health System Pharmacy, June 2009

Abstract: A possible association between interruptions and distractions and the occurrence of dispensing errors was investigated. Fourteen pharmacists and 10 technicians in an ambulatory care pharmacy at a general medical-surgical hospital were tested for distractibility by using the group embedded figures test (GEFT) as well as for visual acuity and hearing. They were videotaped as […]

Clean Spaces – A look at the revised and reissued USP 797 pharmacy design regulation, © William N. Bernstein, ACHA, AIA

A revised version of the United States Pharmacopoeia (USP) 797 “Pharmaceutical Compounding—Sterile Preparations” regulation has been issued this year. All health facilities that prepare compounded sterile preparations (CSPs)—pretty much all hospital pharmacies and many off-site pharmacies—should be aware of this new regulation, whether or not it is adopted within the facility’s particular state. The 2008 […]

Pharmacy Design Trends, © Ian Janer and William N. Bernstein, LEED®AP, AIA

Pharmacy design has been undergoing dramatic changes in recent years, in a number of areas. A main trend has been the need to modernize and automate the production, packaging, distribution, and provision of drugs, particularly of prescription drugs, which have to be monitored and secured at all times.  Modern pharmacies — particularly hospital pharmacies — […]

Mail Order Pharmacy Design – A Case Study © William N. Bernstein, LEED®AP, AIA

Mail order pharmacies are different from other types of pharmacies, in that the pharmacy staff does not interact personally with the patient, instead they ship out all of their prescription sales via mail or delivery services such as UPS and Fed Ex. Like many pharmacy types, however — such as hospital pharmacies and outpatient pharmacies […]

USP 797 Consulting Firm Selected to Provide USP797 Consulting on New Pharmacies in New York, Inc., the only consulting company in the United States focused exclusively on USP 797, is pleased to announce that it recently completed a USP 797 consulting assignment on two new sterile compounding pharmacies in New York. The two pharmacies, which will be compounding sterile products in separate chemotherapy compounding and non-chemotherapy compounding rooms, required […]

Walgreens Unveils New Pharmacy Design at Technology Conference

At the TEDMED conference, held last month in San Diego, Walgreens showcased the new pharmacy, health, and wellness experience it is unveiling at stores in the Chicago and Indianapolis markets. The new format is designed to meet the changing needs of customers while offering more quality, cost-effective health care options. Features of the new stores […]